بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
The foreskin – a protective skin over the tip of the male reproductive organ – is removed in a surgical procedure called ‘circumcision’. The practice – ‘sunnah’ – is said to have started from prophet Ibraaheem, peace be upon him. We find no mention or requirement in Qur-aan to do this act and is, therefore, a ‘munkar’(منكر) act, as far as Qur-aan is concerned. And as with all ‘munkar’ acts, we will not find its mention or requirement in Qur-aan, but, on the other hand, we would discover that it is an act that derides or violates a verse of Qur-aan.
‘Scientific’ and also ‘Religious’ arguments are put forth in favour of ‘Circumcision’. The several grounds that are mentioned are all unconvincing. They say it is necessary for ‘cleanliness’. But I think there are ways to keep the area clean, without having to remove the foreskin. When Allaah created ‘man’, did he make a mistake in designing him? Absolutely no. Allaah says that He made ‘man’ in the best design. I deem the foreskin to be a skin designed to protect the sensitivity of a sensitive part, just as we have a lid over the eyes.
Let us study the following verses, which show that Allaah fashioned man and then He Himself did all the improvements or corrections, then proportioned him and then breathed life into him.
“Who has created, and further, given order and proportion.”
“Then He fashioned him and breathed into him of His spirit. And He gave you hearing and sight and hearts: little thanks do you give! ” (32:9)
“Then he became a clot; then (Allaah) created and straightened.”
“Him Who created you, fashioned you, and proportioned you.”
“And when I have fashioned him and breathed into him of My Spirit, then fall down before him prostrate.” (38:72)
Further, Allaah says that He ordained for us the same religion, which He commended unto Nooh, and that which He commended unto Ibraheem and Moosa and Easaa.
(42:13 – part)
“He has ordained for you that religion which He commended unto Nooh, and that which We inspire in you (Muhammad), and that which We commended unto Ibraheem and Moosa and Easaa,”
So, when the sharee’ath (law) is common for the prophets (and their people), how can we say that circumcision originated from prophet Ibraaheem (peace upon him) who is a later prophet after Nooh (peace upon him). Nooh (peace upon him), being the earliest prophet, the circumcision must have originated from him and not from a later prophet. If they insist that the practice started from Ibraaheem (peace upon him), then can they explain why Allaah let the whole generations of the people of Nooh, ‘Aad and Thamood, spend their lives in a state of permanent ‘uncleanliness’! ?!
The fact is: those in authority among Muslims, who distorted the religion after the demise of our prophet and the rightly guided caliphs, started this practice, in order to make the Muslims fulfill the challenge thrown by the satan before our Lord, as given in the following verse:
“And surely I will lead them astray, and surely I will arouse desires in them,
and surely I will command them and they will cut the cattle' ears,
and surely I will command them and they will change Allaah's creation.
Whoso chooses satan for a patron instead of Allaah is surely a loser and his loss is manifest.”
It is this challenge, which satan is trying to put into action and people ignorant of the verses of Qur-aan are happily letting him have his way.
A friend of mine went to see a reverted Muslim (who was previously a Christian). The new Muslim was a knowledgeable and honest person. He was lamenting upon the innovations, which the present day Muslims are practising, and passingly remarked that even the practice of circumcision is in the nature of deriding the verse (4:119), which I have quoted above. My friend was shocked to hear an unheard of - but identical - explanation from two unconnected people.
A large part of Muslims are unaware of a similar ‘munkar’ act being practised in several Muslim countries. It is: ‘female circumcision’. If you have not heard of it before, you too would be surprised and shocked – as I myself was – when I heard it the first time. I just could not comprehend as to what for and what they remove from the females? Another name for it is: ‘female genital mutilation’. So the purpose is, as the name says, just mutilation or disfigurement, which fulfils the satan’s challenge. If you ask them the ‘scientific’ or ‘religious’ purpose for doing this, you can be sure that they will not be found wanting in a ‘valid explanation’. They will certainly offer you some lame reasons for doing this.
Since there is no common and convenient method to perform a ‘circumcision’ upon the females, they practice three kinds of circumcisions or mutilations, not having an agreeable method to do it. Pointing out to the absurdity of this, I used to tease my friends, asking:
“Why? This (female circumcision) is being done in the Muslim societies in several countries. Their ‘aalims (religious priests) must be allowing or promoting it. And they should certainly be giving some ‘religious’ reasons to support this act, something from the hadeeth, if not from Qur-aan. Then why don’t we too do this in our societies, which is deemed a ‘religious act’ among our own people in other countries?” (The country where this practice is most prevalent is Egypt (80-90%), followed by Sudan, Ethiopia, Mali, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, Djibouti, Nigeria, etc. Egypt passed a law banning this, in 2007).
When I searched the internet to know the ‘ulemas’ view about this, I came across a fatwa in Arabic, which supports the female circumcision, although in a round-about manner.
The following is the web-link : http://www.saaid.net/Doat/Najeeb/f117.htm
The Arabic text of this fatwa is also reproduced in this website: http://ikhwah.com/arabic/fgm.htm